1914, Warsaw — 8 V 1943, Warsaw Ghetto

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Biography

Władysław Szlengel was a poet, journalist, satirist and stage actor. He was the author of many songs sung throughout Warsaw. He was the chronicler of the Warsaw Ghetto, often referred to as the “chronicler of the drowning”, and the author of the insurgents’ anthem.

Born in 1914 in Warsaw, his artistic work was largely connected to the city. From the beginning of the 1930s until the outbreak of the war, he collaborated with Nasz Przegląd (“Our Review”), a journal of the Jewish minority in Warsaw. He also published articles in the satirical weekly magazine Szpilki (“Pins”/“High heels“) and wrote on social and political issues for Robotnik (“Worker”). He wrote only in Polish and was particularly fond of creating material for cabarets. He wrote lyrics and collaborated with such theatres as 13 Rzędów, Ali Baba and Tip-Top.

When the war broke out, Władysław and his wife moved to Białystok, where he started working for the Miniature Theatre. At the beginning of 1940, he returned to Warsaw and was moved to the ghetto. He earned his living by working in the art cafe Sztuka (“Art”), alongside the cabaret actress Wiera Gran and Władysław Szpilman, portrayed in Steven Spielberg’s film „The Pianist“. He collaborated with the Oneg Shabbat group, an underground organisation documenting life in the Warsaw ghetto. His poems describe the destruction of the Jewish people.

In 1942, he managed to avoid deportation. He was relegated to work at a brushmakers’ workshop belonging to a German company. The workshop was also used by workers to produce explosives for the resistance fighters and provide support for the activity of the Ringelblum Archive, i.e., the Underground Archive of the Warsaw Ghetto, established in 1940 at the initiative of Emanuel Ringelblum. Władysław’s attempts to seek refuge on the „Aryan“ side of the city proved unsuccessful. He died during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in April 1943.

Władysław Szlengel was a poet, journalist, satirist and stage actor. He was the author of many songs sung throughout Warsaw. He was the chronicler of the Warsaw Ghetto, often referred to as the “chronicler of the drowning”, and the author of the insurgents’ anthem.

Born in 1914 in Warsaw, his artistic work was largely connected to the city. From the beginning of the 1930s until the outbreak of the war, he collaborated with Nasz Przegląd (“Our Review”), a journal of the Jewish minority in Warsaw. He also published articles in the satirical weekly magazine Szpilki (“Pins”/“High heels“) and wrote on social and political issues for Robotnik (“Worker”). He wrote only in Polish and was particularly fond of creating material for cabarets. He wrote lyrics and collaborated with such theatres as 13 Rzędów, Ali Baba and Tip-Top.

When the war broke out, Władysław and his wife moved to Białystok, where he started working for the Miniature Theatre. At the beginning of 1940, he returned to Warsaw and was moved to the ghetto. He earned his living by working in the art cafe Sztuka (“Art”), alongside the cabaret actress Wiera Gran and Władysław Szpilman, portrayed in Steven Spielberg’s film „The Pianist“. He collaborated with the Oneg Shabbat group, an underground organisation documenting life in the Warsaw ghetto. His poems describe the destruction of the Jewish people.

In 1942, he managed to avoid deportation. He was relegated to work at a brushmakers’ workshop belonging to a German company. The workshop was also used by workers to produce explosives for the resistance fighters and provide support for the activity of the Ringelblum Archive, i.e., the Underground Archive of the Warsaw Ghetto, established in 1940 at the initiative of Emanuel Ringelblum. Władysław’s attempts to seek refuge on the „Aryan“ side of the city proved unsuccessful. He died during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in April 1943.

Here you will soon be able to read samples of Władysław Szlengel’s poetry. If you read in Polish or German, please take a look at other language versions of this page!

Władysław Szlengel laying his head on the shoulder of Ignac Papelbaum, by an unknown photographer, 1931.

Władysław Szlengel with…, by an unknown photographer, April 1931.

The photos belong to the resources of the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw.